The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in May 2012. These Guidelines are the first comprehensive, global instrument on tenure and its administration to be developed by governments through negotiations conducted in the UN system, including the South African Government, and endorsed by the Committee of Food Security on its 38th extraordinary session, on the 11 May 2012, in Rome. Represented at the 3 rounds of negotiations were 98 countries from all regions of the world and with diverse political, economic, social, cultural and religious views. The negotiations included the participation of civil society, academia, development partners and the private sector. As such, the Guidelines represent an unprecedented consensus on governance of tenure and the way in which access to and control over natural resources should be managed in a society. It includes, among other things, how competing priorities of different groups are to be reconciled.

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